Sunday, February 8, 2015

Advocate - Is God Our Advocate?

One the alleged names of God is given as being "Advocate". The scripture given relative to this is 1 John 2:1, which reads: "My little children, I write these things to you so that you may not sin. If anyone sins, we have a Counselor with the Father, Jesus Christ, the righteous."  (World English) The assumption appears to be that Jesus is the Supreme Being, and thus, since it is assumed that Jesus is the Supreme Being, then one of the alleged "names" of the Supreme Being is Advocate. Of course, in reality, Jesus spoke of his God and Father as being the only true God, the only true Supreme Being, and by stating that the only true God had sent him, Jesus denied being the Supreme Being. (John 17:1,3) Thus, "Advocate" is not a "name" of the only true God.

Jesus is Not Jehovah

The word "advocate" is not actually a name, at least not in the sense that we speak of "Jesus" as being a name. The word "advocate" is a "name" in a more general sense as we might say that the word "apple" designates the name of a certain fruit. The word "advocate" is often confused with the word "mediator"; they do not actually mean the exactly the same thing. The word mediator signifies one who seeks to reconcile two parties who are not in harmony with each other. Before one becomes a child of God, one is estranged from God, and thus, in need the mediator by which to be reconciled to God. Thus, to become a child of God, one who receives Christ and has faith in the Jesus' sacrifice for our sins, become reconciled to God, and becomes a new creation, separated from the old creation that remains under God's wrath. (John 3:36; Romans 5:10,12-19; 8:1,17-22; 2 Corinthians 5:17; 1 Timothy 2:5,6) The new creature in Christ, being a child of God, is without sin, and thus no longer needs a mediator. However, since the new creature still has to contend with the sinful flesh, the new creature needs an advocate, someone who is like a lawyer, to appear on his behalf before the only true God, and yet this representation before God is still based on application of the blood of Jesus, which has been offered in sacrifice for us all. (Hebrews 9:24-26) In other words, for any sin attributed to the sinful flesh, Jesus does not offer a new sacrifice for that sin, but as the advocate of the new creature, he appears before God so that such a sin does not put the New Creature at enmity with God.

See our study:
What is a Christian? What if a Christian Sins?

Thursday, January 29, 2015

ADONAI - Superior or Supreme Lord

The word ADONAI is a transliteration of a form of word found in the Masoretic Hebrew text. Others have trnsliterated the word as ADONAY or something similar. The word is built upon another form often transliterated as ADONI (meaning, my lord). The basic form is most often transliterated as ADON (meaning, Lord). In the original Hebrew, which has no written vowels, the two words are spelled exactly the same. The Masoretes added a vowel point to ADONI in every instance in which they believed that the word applied to God, thus forming the word often transliterated as ADONAI. Adding the vowel point actually makes in plural in form, but it is used not as a plural, but as a plural intensive (some refer to this as the "emphatic plural" or "plural of majesty"). Biblical Hebrew many times uses the plural form in a singular setting to intensify the meaning, making the meaning superlative or superior. In the case of application to God, it would mean Supreme Lord. Some using what they call "pictorgraphs", have claimed that this word means, "The door of life"; however, there is no indication that Bible ever uses it with this meaning. Some have claimed that in a few instances that the Masoretes were in error, as in Isaiah 6:1, where they added the vowel point to form ADONAI rather than leaving it to as "my lord" (ADONI). Some trinitarians, as well as some others, have claimed that they should have added the vowel point in Psalm 110:1, so as make it say appear that both Jehovah and the one sitting at the right hand of Jehovah are both the Supreme Lord. The word, as actually used in the Bible, is not presented as being a name of God, although one could say it is a "name" in a sense that one could say that "tree" or "man" is a name. Or, one could say it is a "titular" name; however, it is not used as the proper name of God. However, the Jews, having become somewhat superstitious about pronouncing the Holy Name, have often presented a form ADONAI in place of the Holy Name, which, in effect, actually would have them pronouncing (or mispronouncing) the Holy Name as ADONAI (or whatever form they may have used).* Jehovah, however, has never authorized anyone to change his Holy Name to another word as this is often done. ==== *Thus, it is quite probable that some form of ADONAI was spoken, at least in replacing the Holy Name, before the Masoretes performed their work, around 500 AD. Related: Entry For Strong's #136

Saturday, December 27, 2014

Sites that have lists of alleged "names" of God

Links below contain list of "names" being attributed to the God of Abraham. As one can see, many of the names listed are not actually names or "titles" of God. Despite what some of the sites may claim, however, there is only one "Holy Name" spoken of in the Bible.* I am discussing many of these "names" on this blog site, although I may never get around to discussing all of them. If you have a "name" in particular that you would like for me discuss, please leave a comment below.
*See my study:
Does the Bible Speak of More Than One "Holy Name"?



God's Holy Name - Links listed to my studies related to God's Holy Name.

Tuesday, December 23, 2014

ABHIR - The Mighty One of Jacob

We find that the Bible uses the Hebrew word often transliterated as "Abhir" in the following verses:  Genesis 49:24; Deuteronomy 10:17; Psalm 132:2, 5; Isaiah 1:24, 49:26, 60:1.

Here are the instances as found in the Darby translation:

Genesis 49:24
But his bow abideth firm, And the arms of his hands are supple By the hands of the Mighty One [ABHIR] of Jacob. From thence is the shepherd, the stone of Israel:
Psalm 132:2
How he swore unto Jehovah, vowed unto the Mighty One [ABHIR] of Jacob:
Psalm 132:5
Until I find out a place for Jehovah, habitations for the Mighty One [ABHIR] of Jacob.
Isaiah 1:24
Therefore saith the Lord, Jehovah of hosts, the Mighty One [ABHIR] of Israel: Ah! I will ease me of mine adversaries, and avenge me of mine enemies.
Isaiah 49:26
And I will feed them that oppress thee with their own flesh; and they shall be drunken with their own blood, as with new wine. And all flesh shall know that I, Jehovah, am thy Saviour and thy Redeemer, the Mighty One [ABHIR]  of Jacob.
Isaiah 60:16
And thou shalt suck the milk of the nations, and shalt suck the breast of kings; and thou shalt know that I, Jehovah, am thy Saviour and thy Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.

The word transliterated as Abhir (or, Abir) is Strong's Hebrew #46, and it has the basic meaning of "strong". It is not a noun, but it is an adjective, and it is used as adjective all the verses given. Nevertheless, as a adjective, it is understood as being descriptive of a noun or pronoun, and thus, as in the Darby translation above, the pronoun "one" is supplied, and thus we have the entire phrase as the "Mighty One of Jacob" or the "Mighty One of Israel". However, without adding a pronoun, it could be rendered as the "strength of Jacob", or the "strength of Israel". Still, however, it is Jehovah who is being spoken of.

Abhir appears to be a close synonym to forms of the Hebrew word often transliterated as EL (Strong's 410), which is usually translated into English as "god" or "God"; however, the basic meaning of EL is that of strength or might, very similar to Abhir. In the KJV, forms of the Hebrew word EL are rendered as "power", "great", "mighty", "angels", and "exceeding", as well as by "idols", "god" or "God".

As a descriptive title, one could say that ABHIR is a proper name of Jehovah, but it is never given as being God's Holy Name. The Bible speaks of only one "Holy Name" of God, and it shows that "Holy Name" to be, as it is often given in English: Jehovah.

See also my study:
Does the Bible Speak of More Than One "Holy Name"

Monday, December 22, 2014

Adam - Is God referred as "Adam" - the "Last Adam"? -- 1 Corinthians 15:45

At least one site claims that God is spoken of as the "last Adam" in 1 Corinthians 15:45. 1 Corinthians 15:45 reads:
So also it is written, "The first man, Adam, became a living soul." The last Adam became a life-giving spirit. - (1 Corinthians 15:45, World English)
This does speak, not of God, but rather of Jesus, the Son of God. Any thought that God Himself is being spoken of as "the last Adam" depends on adding to the Bible that Jesus, himself, is the "only true God", which is actually contrary to what Jesus himself stated (John 17:1,3), as well as what Paul wrote. -- 1 Corinthians 8:6.

Actually, the scripture does not present "The last Adam" as being a proper name of either Jesus or the God and Father of Jesus. At most one can say that it is descriptive title, and then, based on this, one could say that it is a descriptive name of Jesus, as Jesus is now exalted far above all dominions, including that of the angels.

However, in the Bible, Jesus is never presented as being the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. One has to imagine, assume such an idea beyond what any scripture presents. Additionally, one has formulate assumptions that have to added to, and read into, the scriptures in order to "see" this idea in any scripture that is presented.

As far as God being given any such name as "the last Adam", the Bible never speaks of such, not in 1 Corinthians 15:45, nor anywhere else.
See my study on:
Jesus is Not Jehovah

Some of my other studies related to this:
Jesus Raised in the Spirit

Jesus Died a Human Being - Raised a Spirit Being